Atlas sphere dating

Major break-up of colonial Africa: French West Africa, French Equatorial Africa, Belgian Congo, and other territories end, creating over 15 independent countries, including Niger, Chad, Somalia, Congo, Nigeria.

1958-61 - Egypt and Syria united as United Arab Republic1960 - French West Africa divides into independent countries and ceases to exist; Congo and Somalia independent. 1961 - Sierra Leone, Tanzania (Tanganyika) independent.

In this account Atlas is not a shepherd but a King.

According to Ovid, Perseus arrives in Atlas' Kingdom and asks for shelter, declaring he is a son of Zeus.

Atlas also plays a role in the myths of two of the greatest Greek heroes: Heracles (the Roman equivalent being Hercules) and Perseus.

According to the ancient Greek poet Hesiod, Atlas stood at the ends of the earth in extreme west.

tells a tale of Atlas, then a shepherd, encountering Perseus who turned him to stone.

Ovid later gives a more detailed account of the incident, combining it with the myth of Heracles.

A common misconception today is that Atlas was forced to hold the Earth on his shoulders, but Classical art shows Atlas holding the celestial spheres, not a globe; the solidity of the marble globe borne by the renowned Farnese Atlas may have aided the conflation, reinforced in the 16th century by the developing usage of atlas to describe a corpus of terrestrial maps.It is fascinating to see how countries and cities have changed their names over the decades, and the results of wars that have moved boundaries. Some people collect globes because they often show the tracks and routes that explorers took as they learned about our planet. 1963 the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland dissolves. Singapore independence 1966 - Botswana, Gambia, and Lesotho independent. Bangladesh independence 1972 - Ceylon changes to Sri Lanka 1973 - Bahamas independence 1974 - Guinea-Bissau independence. 1975 - Angola (formally Portuguese West Africa) and Mozambique independent. Tanganyika and Zanzibar merge to form new country: Tanzania 1965 - Southern Rhodesia independent (later became Zimbabwe in 1979 or 1980).

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